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Premenopausal Osteoporosis

Premenopausal osteoporosis can have many causes including certain medical conditions, an unhealthy lifestyle or an eating disorder.

Premenopausal osteoporosis (also called secondary osteoporosis) can have many causes, including:

  1. diseases that affect the endocrine system, such as hyperparathyroidism or hyperthyroidism
  2. gastrointestinal (digestive) tract diseases - Crohns disease (due to poor gut absorption of calcium and Vitamin D )
  3. alcoholism
  4. liver disease
  5. premature menopause
  6. amenorrhea or loss of periods due to an eating disorder (low estrogen levels)
  7. a vitamin D deficiency
  8. time spent in bed because of illness (non-weight bearing activity)
  9. poor nutrition
  10. Paget's Disease

Sometimes, it is not the condition that causes osteoporosis but the drug used to treat other health problems. For example:

  • phenytoin (e.g. Dilantin - used for treatment of epilepsy)
  • corticosteroids (e.g. Prednisone, inhaled steroids for asthma)
  • drugs given to transplant patients (e.g. Heparin, Cyclosporin, corticosteroids.)
  • prescription antacids also known as proton pump inhibitors

If you have an illness that needs medication, ask your doctor or pharmacist if either the disease or medication has any effect on your bone mass. Sometimes, taking the lowest dose possible to treat a condition can lessen the effect on bones.

To learn about calcium, vitamin and mineral supplements that can help prevent premenopausal osteoporosis... visit Osteoporosis Treatment Guidelines.